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Share of Ukrainians ready to migrate to U.S., EU decreases by four times over two years – KIIS survey
KYIV. Sept 22 (Interfax-Ukraine) – According to the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS), the share of Ukrainians willing to migrate to the United States or the European Union for permanent residence in case of acquiring citizenship in these countries has significantly decreased as compared to autumn 2020.
"In October 2020, the KMIS conducted an all-Ukrainian telephone survey, which, among other things, asked the question "And if you were now granted the U.S. or EU citizenship without conditions, would you go to these countries for permanent residence?" At that time, 28% of all adult Ukrainians were ready to go live abroad. In September 2022, we asked this question again… The share of those who are ready to leave to live in the U.S./EU decreased by four times – from 28% to 7%. At the same time, there was an increase from 69% to 91% of those who would not want to leave even if they were granted U.S./EU citizenship without conditions," it said in the press release on the survey.
Around 10% of adult Ukrainians are now abroad as refugees.
"However, even if half of them would answer "yes" to this question (recent surveys of Ukrainian refugees show that, in fact, the majority still want to return home, that is, the answers "yes" would be, most likely, less than half), then the decrease in emigration moods would also be significant – from 28% to about 13%," it said.
According to the results of the survey, in all regions of Ukraine, the absolute majority of the population (90-92%) would not want to go to live abroad.
Although younger respondents are more willing to emigrate, but in reality among all age categories, the absolute majority (at least 84%) would not want to leave to live in the U.S./EU.
"In 2020, almost half (46%) of young people under 30 would like to leave, now – 13%," the KIIS said.
The survey was conducted on September 7-13, 2022 by the method of computer-assisted telephone interviews (CATI) based on a random sample of mobile phone numbers (with random generation of phone numbers and subsequent statistical weighting), 2,000 respondents living in all regions of Ukraine (except the Autonomous Republic of Crimea) were interviewed. The survey was conducted with adult (aged 18 and older) citizens of Ukraine who, at the time of the survey, lived on the territory of Ukraine (within the boundaries controlled by the authorities of Ukraine until February 24, 2022).
Formally, under normal circumstances, the statistical error of such a sample (with a probability of 0.95 and taking into account the design effect of 1.1) did not exceed 2.4% for indicators close to 50%, 2.1% for indicators close to 25%, 1.5% – for indicators close to 10%, 1.1% – for indicators close to 5%.
Under conditions of war, in addition to the specified formal error, a certain systematic deviation is added.